In Part 1 of the series I went over setting up Starwind ISCSI SAN and in Part2, configuring ISCSI SAN on the Cluster Nodes and Installing and testing Multi-site Failover cluster.
Today I will go over setting up File server service, so let’s get started....
1. Log into Failover Cluster Manager and right click on the Cluster Name and select Configure a Service or Application
High Availability Wizard begins, click next
Select File Server and click next…
Provide Name and 2 IP Address from each subnet.
Note: Before you can click next, make sure you are either domain administrator or pre populate the Name computer object.
Please refer to this technet article which explains in depth.
Pick a disk where you want to provision File share and click next…
Review the settings and click next…
So we have successfully created the File server service on the Multi-site cluster.
Testing the failover, expand Services and application under Cluster Name, right click the File service Cluster Name and say “Move to node….”
Click “Move …. to Node name”
So we have successfully failed over the resources to other Node.
11. We have a problem, let go over it.
I am logged in on passive Node VM2008c which is on the 10.92 subnet, see the column which says Shared Folders I don’t see any Shares in there…. So let’s check the DNS
DNS Server on both sites:
As the node was moved to other subnet which is 172.168, the File server Cluster Name (MULTICLUSTERFS) updated the nearest DNS Server, with IP Address from 10.92.76.22 to 18.104.22.168
As the Node VM2008C still seeing the Old IP (10.92.76.22) the shares are not visible from Node VM2008C Cluster Manager.
Note: All the client computers on this subnet (10.92.76.0) will not be able to access any File share resources...
Let see if Cluster Manager can see the shares on Active Node VM2008d... Sure it can and also clients
Computers on this subnet (22.214.171.124) will be able to access the File share resources.
So after the DNS replication(depending on your environment) and the Host record TTL expiration(1200 sec), passive node and clients can see the shares in Failover cluster Manager...
But this waiting for DNS replication and Host record TTL expiration defeats the whole purpose of Multi-site clustering..
How to fix:
We have to follow a 2 step process
1. We will register all the IP’s address in DNS for File server Cluster Name (MULTICLUSTERFS) .So we do that by executing a Powershell command on all the Nodes of the cluster and restarting the cluster service by moving the resources.
What it does is when ever client machine is looking for File Server Cluster Name Host record, this gives both the registered IP Address.
Before Powershell execution:
After Powershell execution:
Get-clusterresource “File server Cluster Name” | set-clusterparameter RegisterAllProvidersIP 1
2. The default Host record TTL is 1200 seconds (20 mints). So client will have to wait for 20 mints before it request to update the Host record on their machines.
We change the value from 1200 to 300 seconds (5 mints recommended) using the Powershell command and failing over the Nodes.
Get-clusterresource “File server Cluster Name” | set-clusterparameter HostRecordTTL 300
Ex. Get-clusterresource “MULTICLUSTERFS” | set-clusterparameter HostRecordTTL 300
Note: Microsoft Technical Evangelist Symon Perriman has an excellent video which does in to details about the 2 step process. I highly recommend seeing this video as there are other settings like cross subnet delay, etc… which needs to be looked into before putting the cluster to production.
Reverse lookup for the File share cluster name will fail. So to fix it, right click on the File share cluster Name, go to properties and enable the check box “Publish PTR records” ,apply it and failover the cluster nodes.
Now we have almost configured all the settings, the next step would be to start provisioning the shares.
I will not be going over these steps, as there are so many articles out there which go step by step.
This end’s the part 3 of the series and the last part I will go over setting SQL 2012 on the 2 Node Multi –site cluster.
Ø Cluster Resource Dependency Expressions blog: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/clustering/archive/2008/01/28/7293705.aspx
Ø The Microsoft Support Policy for Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Failover Clusters: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943984
Ø What’s New in Failover Clusters for Windows Server 2008 R2: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd621586(WS.10).aspx
Ø Failover Cluster Step-by-Step Guide: Configuring the Quorum in a Failover Cluster: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc770620(WS.10).aspx
Ø Requirements and Recommendations for a Multi-site Failover Cluster: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd197575(WS.10).aspx
Ø The Microsoft Support Policy for Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Failover Clusters:http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943984